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Oak Management Guidelines

Passof, et al. 1985. Preliminary Guidelines for Managing California’s Hardwood Rangelands. Cooperative Extension, UC, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. 92 pp.

The Preliminary Guidelines (excerpt below) stressed to the owner and manager of oak woodland the value of keeping your options open when cutting trees for range improvement or for firewood, both being issues of concern in 1985. Said another way, if you are a land manager, be prudent when removing trees for perhaps only short-term economic gain when more may be gained in the longer term if the trees are retained, perhaps for their wildlife, property, and aesthetic values. The booklet discusses your options under different scenarios of tree species and tree density. In general, the information is still relevant.

As more research-based information became available, the Preliminary Guidelines were replaced in 1996 by Guidelines for Managing California’s Hardwood Rangeland.  The Guidelines is both an update of the Preliminary Guidelines and it is much more comprehensive in depth and range of topics covered. 

Standiford, R. (Technical Coordinator). 1996. Guidelines for Managing California’s Hardwood Rangelands. P. Tinnin, Ed. UC IHRMP, CDFG, California Dept. of Forestry & Fire Protection. UC, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. 173 pp.

Available for download.

Table of Contents


Part I The Hardwood Rangeland Resource

Chapter 1 – Setting Goals for Hardwood Rangeland Management

Chapter 2 – Oaks and Habitats of Hardwood Rangelands

Chapter 3 – Resource Assessment and General Hardwood Rangeland Values

Chapter 4 – Oak Woodland Wildlife Ecology, Native Plants, and Habitat Relationships

Part II – Hardwood Rangeland Management

Chapter 5 – Livestock and Grazing Management

Chapter 6 – Developing Recreational Sources of Income from Oak Woodlands

Chapter 7 – Open Space and Private Land Solutions to Hardwood Conservation

Chapter 8 – Resource Evaluation for Forest Products

Part Ill Sustaining Hardwood Rangelands

Chapter 9 – Sustainable Management of Hardwood Rangelands: Regeneration and

Stand Structure Considerations

Chapter 10 – Fire in California’s Hardwood Rangelands

Chapter 11 – Erosion Control


Appendix A- Vertebrate Wildlife Species and Habitat Associations

Appendix B – Sensitive Plant Species on Hardwood Rangelands

Appendix C – Sources of Assistance

Appendix D – References

Appendix E – Glossary of Terms